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Exchange 2013 Schema Upgrade Error in Hybrid Environment with Office 365

Exchange 2013 Schema Upgrade Error in Hybrid Environment with Office 365

Hi All,

I was recently on a customer's site and was trying to prepare the schema for an installation of Exchange 2013 SP1 this summer. The client currently use a hybrid setup with on premise Exchange 2010 SP3 and Office 365.

I downloaded the Exchange 2013 media, logged on to the DC with the schema master role and began to run the following command:-

Setup.exe /PrepareSchema /IAcceptExchangeServerLicenseTerms

It instantly failed and threw this error...


Performing Microsoft Exchange Server Prerequisite Check

    Prerequisite Analysis                                     FAILED

A hybrid deployment with Office 365 has been detected.  Please ensure that you are running setup with the /TenantOrganizationConfig switch.  To use the TenantOrganizationConfig switch you must first connect to your Exchange Online tenant via PowerShell and execute the following command: "Get-OrganizationConfig | Export-Clixml -Path MyTenantOrganizationConfig.XML".  Once the XML file has been generated, run setup with the TenantOrganizationConfig switch as follows "/TenantOrganizationConfig myTenantOrganizationConfig.XML".



It turns out that there is very specific syntax to use when combining /PrepareSchema and /TenantOrganizationConfig. I will bullet-point the process so it's easier to follow:-

I opened up PowerShell and ran the following commands to download a copy of the XML file Setup.exe was requesting:-

Get Credentials
$UserCredential = Get-Credential

(at this point enter credentials for your Office 365 Global Admin account)


Connect to Office 365
$Session = New-PSSession -ConfigurationName Microsoft.Exchange -ConnectionUri https://ps.outlook.com/powershell/ -Credential $LiveCred -Authentication Basic -AllowRedirection


Import PowerShell Session

Import-PSSession $Session


Download Hybrid XML File
Get-OrganizationConfig | Export-Clixml -Path C:\MyTenantOrganizationConfig.XML


Blog Pic

Move the XML File
Move MyTenantOrganizationConfig.XML file from C:\ of local computer to C:\ of the server you are running Setup.exe from


Re-run Setup
Setup /PrepareAD /IAcceptExchangeServerLicenseTerms /TenantOrganizationConfig:C:\MyTenantOrganizationConfig.XML
You should now have an extended AD schema ready for Exchange 2013!


Hope this helps.


4 Responses

  1. Brajesh

    Thanks for that tip. After /PrepareAD, did you ran /PrepareSchema or /PrepareAD switch also update the schema too?

  2. Hi Brajesh,

    The /PrepareAD command also extends the schema so /PrepareSchema is not required.

    Ref – http://bit.ly/WI3YAa


  3. Cliff

    Excellent article! Saved me a lot of headaches.

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